As predicted in the previous posting, both newspapers on the Six Nations Reserve carried articles on the citizen's arrest of "a Six Nations land protector" by Gary McHale. As expected, at least by myself, the descriptions provided bear little resemblance to the reality shown in graphic detail in the various U-Tube videos of the entire scenario (see here). I will discuss the content of each of the two newspapers in turn. Selected key expressions will be bold printed and examined as to what it may mean to one or more communities.
1) Two Row Times, Wednesday June 11th, 2014, McHale protest opens old wounds at Kanohstaton (as spelled here) pp. 1-2:
On the front page we see a picture taking up fully half of the page space, showing a photograph and caption - A Six Nations land protector was the subject of a "citizen's arrest" by Binbrook resident Gary McHale. Fearing that McHale and his group of half a dozen supporters were going to enter his home Kawaowene stood in front of McHale as he approached. In a bizarre twist of events when the OPP arrived they arrested Kawaowene injuring him in the process.
Here the term "land protector" probably refers to the self proclaimed role as a custodian of Six Nations land, and is linked to Kanonhstaton ("Protected Place") the name Six Nations use when referring to the former Douglas Creek Estates (presently land owned directly by the Province of Ontario). Many residents of Caledonia would tend to use the term "occupier", or a more pejorative term, in reference to the individuals who are roosting illegally at the one remaining house on the former development site.
The picture does show what appear to be cuts and abrasions on the left side of the "land protector's" face. The U-Tube videos noted in the previous posting do show a take down by the OPP where the use of force was minimal, and absolutely necessary as the perpetrator was resisting arrest. One can only surmise whether the scrapes occurred as a result of the take down.
Page 2 of the article shows another picture of the face of the above individual situated immediately under the words "opens old wounds". Again what appear to be facial abrasions are evident here. The caption reads, "Land defender John Garlow". The text terms Gary McHale as a "well known agitator", who arrived at Kanonhstaton, "to continue his agenda of keeping the wounds of the 2006 land reclamation open". Actually for many residents of Caledonia the wounds will always be present, and most particularly since no one at Six Nations has ever apologized for the violence and degradation foisted upon those residing most closely to this site. Also most know that the land was taken illegally, and that while many at Six Nations may claim the land as theirs, the facts are crystal clear that this was land properly surrendered by 67 Chiefs in Council in December of 1844 - and that be demanding to have it back is behavior that conforms to the old stereotype of "Indian giver" (something is legally sold to everyone's satisfaction, buyer's remourse sets in, and the party or those who follow want the item back).
It is probably true that Gary McHale is an "agitator" meaning that he has seen a gross injustice, and has been unrelenting in his stance about one law for all, all treated equally before the law. To impute the motive of a nefarious plan to keep the wounds between Caledonia and Six Nations alive and "fresh" does seem to be a stretch. Since 2006 the "peacekeeper" role of the OPP has made this concept, taken for granted in most of Canada, a joke in the Caledonia area since Natives and non-Natives have been treated differently by the OPP with the latter being carted away in paddy wagons while the Natives who had committed actual illegal acts such as assault being allowed to remain - and may or may not be arrested at some later date. A two tiered system of justice - anathema to most Canadians.
Continuing with the text, it says that "53-year-old Kawaowene (English name John Garlow), was roughed up and arrested by the OPP".
The video clips clearly show that on the contrary, Mr. Garlow was not "roughed up" and it was his own choices that led to the manner in which he was arrested (the police had no choice but to enact a take down due to non compliance of Garlow).
The article goes on to say that, "In 2007, to put an end to the roadblocks, and potential violence, Ontario purchased the land" from the developers. In other words the Liberal Government of Ontario caved in and negotiated with terrorists - never a good idea as history shows.
Certain creative liberties with the facts are evident in the statement that McHale and his "followers", walked, "right up to the front of the house". What the videos show is Mr. McHale walking on the public road, and at no time being on the land surrounding the house. Also the statement that the bodies of McHale and Garlow "collided. Garlow shoved McHale away from him". Hence the citizen's arrest for the illegal act of assault. After 911 was dialed and the OPP officers showed up, "talked to McHale, but rather than arrest him for instigation, they came to Garlow and placed him under arrest for assault". It would make no sense for the OPP to arrest someone who is merely walking along a public road for "instigation" (which would never stick in Court), but rather the perpetrator of the act of assault - a serious crime.
The report then says that "Garlow offered token resistance to police" and that a "very brief scuffle ensued and Garlow was taken to the ground by OPP officers who, according to witness Norm Thomas, mashed Garlow's face into the gravel while subduing him with handcuffs". What the video shows is Garlow refusing to comply with the requests of the officers, and thus the consequence was inevitable - but compared to any other take down I have witnessed, what is seen in the video is a very gentle approach where the police called him by his first name and requested that Mr. Garlow come with them. Then apparently, Garlow "was carried away by police officers with his face about two feet from the roadway". The video shows officers repeatedly requesting that Mr. Garlow stand and walk, but the latter would not comply and so was carried with each officer holding Mr. Garlow under one of his arms on the way to the police cruiser, "causing him shoulder and arm damage". Mr. Garlow refused to stand up and walk, and ended up being dead weight, so what happened was inevitable. Then he lay stretched out face down on the back seat of the car, refusing to sit up or in any way comply with the reasonable requests of the officers.
What is evident is that what information is being given to the reporter does not at all tally with the very clear visual and auditory interaction at the time shown in the various U-Tube videos. Readers can see the videos and assess the details without myself or the reporter giving very different perspectives on the events.
The scene then shifted to the situation at the end of the ride in the cruiser where, "Garlow's token resistance continued at the police station when he decided not to speak English any more and reverted to his Cayuga tongue, refusing to answer to the name John" - except to one officer who showed him respect by using his Cayuga name. This behavior is expected of a somewhat younger individual, but a 53 year old man ............... Then when it came to signing documents (release forms), Garlow said, "I would not sign my slave name". Instead he used an X to sign the document (a mark, as if illiterate, which may or may not be the case). He was released "on his own recognizance", with the promise to appear for the Court date of 22 July at the County Courthouse in Cayuga.
So the name he goes by most of the time, John Garlow, is a "slave name"? I have no idea where this interpretation is coming from. He is known as John Garlow to most of the Community - but despite his use of the name for everyday purposes, the name ..................... Perhaps a history lesson would be a propos here. Since there is a "Garlow Line" (road) on the Reserve, and there is a family connection, many years ago I was curious as to the origins of the name and decided to do some research. A colleague suggested that I check out the source noted below, and I kept a few notes which I have managed to locate. The Garlow name and the Garlow ancestors did not come to Six Nations until 1822 or 1823 when the White man John Garlow and his part Native wife arrived from New York State and applied to become members. The records state that there was a difference of opinion within Council as to the eligibility of this family with very little evident Native heritage. In some manner, reasons unknown, their application was approved and the family were enumerated as either Oneida or Mohawk. In 1822 there were no Mohawk still residing within the ancestral homeland - except those who chose to integrate with the general population along the Mohawk River. There were, however, some Oneida residing in the area after the Revolution. The source for this information on the Garlow family can be found in David K. Faux, Iroquoian Occupation of the Mohawk Valley During and After the Revolution, Man in the Northeast, Number 34, Fall 1987, pp. 27-40. So the original Garlow was White, and never a slave - so the statement of Mr. Garlow is all the more curious. All Garlows in the Mohawk Valley and Ontario descend from Johann Christian Garlock (Garlick, Gerlach, Garlow) born 2 May 1672, Heidelberg, Baden - Wurttemberg, Germany; died 1764, Stone Arabia, Montgomery County, NY.
Apparently Garlow had attempted to text for "assistance" (for example reinforcements streaming down 6th Line), but everything happened so fast and when the expected "troops" arrived, the OPP and McHale supporters were long gone. Apparently Mr. Garlow was displeased that he was there all alone and did not receive the expected support. He stated, "If people are not going to start coming here to protect this land, I am not going to be staying here anymore. I'll go with another nation and do what I have to do, or just retire from it all". Clearly he is very discouraged. Over the years many have stayed in that house, and a lot of bad things have occurred there (e.g., suicide, rape) and the place may have accumulated a lot of bad karma. Perhaps the ancestors are saying that the land was sold 170 years ago with the express wish, stated in the deeds, that no one in later generations try to second guess them - and that agreement has been violated since 2006.
Mr. Garlow made an interesting statement to the reporter. He said, "To a warrior, jail is something that a warrior just accepts" and continues with his philosophy of serving time in jail.
The use of the term "warrior" can mean many things, but to successful Chiefs such as Clarence Louie, Chief of the Osoyoos Band in British Columbia for 29 years and responsible for many entrepreneurial projects which have made his Band very wealthy, it first and foremost means one thing - "Has a job". Chief Louie has no time for Natives who call themselves warriors, but use welfare and other Canadian Government handouts from taxpaying citizens to fund their militancy. See his inspirational story here.
2) Turtle Island News, June 11, 2014, Security Kanonhstaton; group descends on property, man charged, p. 7:
This article includes much of the same material as found in the above version. A few additional facts do emerge though. Mr. Garlow described his take down without accepting any part of the blame for forcing the police into this situation, and making it seem that the officers were unnecessarily rough - which is certainly not seen in any of the videos - but perception is reality for some. He was processed at the Cayuga OPP detachment, and charged with assault. The Court date given here is 10 July - so someone has their facts wrong.
Apparently the "incident prompted a swift response from the Haudenosaunee Development Institute (HDI), who are working to get a fence set up around the perimeter of Kanonhstaton, creating what the Director calls a "gated community". This is a bit premature and presumptuous since it is the Province who is the legal owner of the land. As the Director states, "The HCCC is awaiting return of those lands and others to the HCCC from Ontario". That might not be all that easy since the HCCC (Hereditary Confederacy Chief's Council) are at loggerheads with SNEC (Six Nations Elected Council), and the Director is upset that in 2010 the latter walked away from the negotiating table leaving things up in the air. Then there is the ownership question - the Federal Government maintains that this land was surrendered in 1844 and Ontario stands by its land registry system - so this could be a muddled mess for someone who is clear minded to see through and find resolution.
Basically this business reflects the chronic inability of anyone at Six Nations to take personal or collective responsibility for their actions. The tendency is to point the finger at others, and play the role of victim. Classic.
Meanwhile, a "stop the violence" march is planned, according to Mr. Garlow, traversing from the church just north of Kanonhstaton, to the OPP satellite station on the south side of Caledonia on Argyll Street. It is not clear what "stop the violence" means. Surely not trying to gain support to stop the OPP from doing their duty - something Caledonians have been "begging for" since 2006. If the White "solidarity" groups are going to be there it will infuriate Caledonians who have seen enough of their Anarchist - Communist antics since 2006. They have been the true instigators of problems by stirring the pot to meet their political agenda. Apparently the event will take place in the next week or two. I will attend and provide my observations in a subsequent posting. This could get interesting!